What is glaucoma? And what can be done about it?

Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, which is responsible for transmitting visual information from the eye to the brain. It is often associated with increased pressure inside the eye, known as intraocular pressure. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to permanent vision loss and blindness.

There are different types of glaucoma, including primary open-angle glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma, and normal-tension glaucoma. The exact cause of glaucoma is not fully understood, but factors such as age, family history, ethnicity, and certain medical conditions can increase the risk.

To manage glaucoma and prevent further vision loss, various treatment options are available:

1. Eye drops: Medicated eye drops are commonly prescribed to lower intraocular pressure. These drops work by either reducing the production of fluid in the eye or improving its drainage.

2. Oral medications: In some cases, oral medications may be prescribed to lower intraocular pressure. These medications can have side effects, so regular monitoring is necessary.

3. Laser therapy: Laser procedures, such as trabeculoplasty or iridotomy, can help improve the drainage of fluid from the eye, reducing intraocular pressure.

4. Surgery: In certain situations, surgical interventions like trabeculectomy or drainage implants may be recommended to create a new drainage channel for the eye fluid.

Early detection and regular eye examinations are crucial for diagnosing glaucoma and starting treatment promptly. While treatment can help manage the condition, it is important to note that any vision loss due to glaucoma is irreversible. Therefore, it is essential to follow the prescribed treatment plan and attend regular check-ups to monitor the progression of the disease.

If you have concerns about glaucoma or your eye health, consult an optician or ophthalmologist for a comprehensive evaluation and personalised advice. Take care of your eyes and prioritise regular eye examinations!

#GlaucomaAwareness #EyeHealth #VisionCare

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